Rebellion and Revolution

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By Carlos Legaspi Jr.

Questions that Matter

Thursday, June 19, 2014


“REBELLION”, according to Wikipedia, is an uprising, or insurrection, is a refusal of obedience or order. It may, therefore, be seen as encompassing a range of behaviors aimed at destroying or taking over the position of an established authority such as a government, governor, president, political leader, financial institution, or person in charge while “Revolution” is a fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time. This maybe done in a bloody manner or in a peaceful way.

“Taxation” is a means by which governments finance their expenditure by imposing charges on citizens and corporate entities (http://www.businessdictionary.com/) This is a power of the State where the citizens are levied voluntarily or involuntarily while Wikipedia defines “Extortion” as a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from a person, entity, or institution, through coercion.

These are terminologies that must be clear to the one in-charge of running the government machinery in this country. Most often, these terms are not clear to them. They often interchange the supposition of these terms. I wish that before we use these terms, their comprehensions and extensions must be clear and distinct to us.

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Anyway, a news article came out quoting the father of the Province as saying “Don’t give in to NPA’s demands.” The Governor was sending a signal that no one should support or pay revolutionary taxes to the rebel movement. In the same article, a military officer said that the incident in Northern Negros is “simply extortion.” There are a few things that should be clarified so that the readers may not be once again misled by what these responsible and credible leaders are saying.

Let me start with a hypothetical argument. If government is doing its role to the people, rebellion or even revolution could be evaded but since it is perceived by many that government (Philippine) is the first oppressor and most corrupt agency in the country, then rebellion grew into its adult stage. Furthermore, if good men do not do anything, then evil persists and continue to corrupt the core of society.

When good men cease to do something, they become evil. Evil in a sense that they cease to be good. Revolutionaries and rebels are good men who did something because they felt that the system they are in is no longer a venue for good men. These people are often misinterpreted by those in position for they are threats to their zone. Revolutionaries often move for change while rebels often destroy structures. Look at the rebels in the country, they destroy structures for their cause to recognized. Rebellion becomes a product of an inhuman and non-humane organizational structure and system. Rebellion and revolution will always be present in a dynamic society. People will support such acts when one sees that there is something wrong with the status quo.

Extortion is never taxation. Rebels are levying revolutionary taxes for a very simple reason. They see that the money paid to government does not go to basic services but to the leisures and pleasures of those running the state. The NPA only wants to live equally and equitably. Take a look at our situation, we cannot live a good life, if we are not in government. Why?

In this country, we often reward those who err and punish those who perform. Ponder.

Belated birthday greetings to Rev. Fr. Cornelio Moral, OAR of UNO-Recoletos, who he celebrated his birthday last Fathers’ Day.

St. Ezekiel Moreno, Sts. Lorenzo Ruiz and Pedro Calungsod, Pope St. John Paul II, Mons. John Liu and John Su, and Sir Faraon Lopez, pray for us.

Published in the Sun.Star Bacolod newspaper on June 19, 2014.

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