Classifying the users of electricity-A A +A
Wednesday, October 16, 2013
THE are three classes of consumers of electricity - residential, low voltage and high voltage users.
Residential consumers are most often household customers who need electricity for light and appliances. Low and high voltage consumers are those who require more power because of the nature of their business or activity.
Technically, low voltage consumers are those whose electric connections are tapped into the distribution utility's secondary lines or those lines that come after the transformers. Low voltage lines carry a range of 240 to 480 volts of electricity. High voltage consumers, meanwhile, are those users whose electric connections are tapped into the distribution utility's primary lines or those lines that come before the transformer. High voltage lines carry 7.62 kilovolts (kV), 13.2 kV or 23 kV of electricity, the last of which is the BENECO system.
When a customer applies for an electric service connection, the distribution utility or the electric cooperative evaluates the applicant's required demand so that the applicant can be properly classified as residential, low voltage or high voltage consumer.
Low voltage consumers are further classified into either commercial, industrial, public buildings or streetlights users. High voltage consumers could also be either commercial, industrial or public buildings. Put it simply, these classifications will depend on the consumer's required demand of power measured in terms of kilowatt hour of energy used to simultaneously run all equipment, machines and lighting fixtures.
Commercial consumers are most often business establishments like SM and schools like Saint Louis University (SLU). Industrial consumers are those which require the use of electricity to run their motors, equipment and machines to be able to produce their desired product, like ice plants and the Baguio Water District (BWD).
Now here's one thing our residential consumers should also know. They are charged a higher rate than commercial or industrial consumers. This is because the demand for power of industrial or commercial users comes in bulk or is higher than what residential consumers need since mostly are household users. True, residential users outnumber the industrial or commercial establishments but their combined power use is far lower than what is consumed by commercial or industrial consumers.
That's why for August this year, for instance, the regular residential consumers paid P8.4177 per kwhr. The commercial and industrial low voltage consumers paid P7.6871 and P7.6558 per kwhr, respectively while the commercial high voltage consumers paid a lower rate for the same month at P6.2817 per kwhr.
I hope I did justice to what BENECO's engineers, whom I disturbed no end, explained to me.
I will treat them to dinner.
Published in the Sun.Star Baguio newspaper on October 17, 2013.