Real Estate and Geography-A A +A
Real Estate Updates
Sunday, November 3, 2013
ONE of the disciplines closely related to real estate is geography. As a matter of fact human and physical geography is one of the subjects taken up in real estate appraiser’s seminar and a subject in the examinations as well. Geography is a big field of study which is made to understand civilization – where we have been and where we are going and differentiate Geography and History. The former refers where things happen (complimentary) while the latter speaks of time and events.
Physical Geography is concerned primarily with the relationship between humans and the physical environment, which is further described as: the relationship between climate and human behaviour (bioclimate); the relationship between rock types and the shape of the earth and what that means for the human use of the earth (geomorphology) and the forms of human settlements. On the other hand, Human Geography interprets human behaviour and the patterns they produce on the land. It is a wide field of study as well which includes human, physical, medical and quantitative geography. Real estate’s concern is more of the special study of both the Physical and Human Geography of Humans and the Physical Environment.
For this short discussion, our focus is on transportation and geography, particularly because in many urban centers, transportation plays an important role in the growth or even decline in its economic development. Transportation geographers research transportation networks (both private and public) and the use of those networks for moving people and goods.
Transportation geography is a special branch of geography concerned with the movement of goods, people and information as well as the constraints and spatial attributes of an object’s movement between places. To better understand the movement of goods and people, transportation geographers often study the different modes of transportation such as road, rail, air and boat and their links and relationships to the urban infrastructure and constraints of the physical environment.
In addition to studying the types of technology related to transportation, there are three central fields relating to transportation to know. These are:
1. Transportation nodes. Transportation nodes are the specific links between different lines of transportation and how they serve as distribution points or end points for shipment within a network.
2. Transportation network itself. The transportation network is the spatial structure and the organization of transportation infrastructure such as roads and train or airport terminals.
3. Demand. Demand studies the public demand for specific types of transportation nodes and the technologies and organization needed to support them.
Historically, geography has been a significant theme in transportation because transportation aids in movement from place to place and to do that most efficiently, some geographic knowledge of the area where the movement is to occur is necessary. In the early 19th century, for example, emerging railway and maritime shipping aimed to expand coverage and create new markets. In order to do that, some knowledge about the new markets was needed.
In the 20th century, the main goal of transportation shifted from expanding coverage to increasing the capacity and efficiency of existing transportation networks. Again, geographic knowledge was needed to determine the actual transit needs of an area. Finally in the 21st century transportation has turned global and geographic knowledge of world markets is needed to make it most efficient.
Although transportation and geography have been tied together for centuries, transportation geography did not emerge as a discipline until the late 20th century when the growing number of people and goods moving justified the need for a specialized field within geography. In the 1960’s, early transportation geography was mainly concerned with quantitative methods and interactions between transportation networks and to minimize transit costs.
In the 1970’s, increasing globalization resulted in the need for more transportation networks which reduced the centrality of transportation. As a result it became more difficult to study and the discipline declined during the decade and into the 1980’s. In the 1990’s though, transportation geography again emerged because issues of efficient mobility, production and distribution were determined to be connected within geographic areas. Today, transportation is recognized as a complex system with relationships between various elements. These elements are broken into different fields which include nodes, networks and transportation demand.
There are also three geographical considerations in transportation geography today. The first of these is location. Location considers the physical characteristics, origin, destination and distance and ability of movement between places. The second consideration is complementarily, which considers the relationship between the supply of goods and demand for the goods, Finally, scale is the third consideration in transportation geography. Scale considers the distance a good or person travels. This can range from local to regional or global.
With his studies, we can understand why road expressways play an important role in our economic development. Classically, the just opened Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway (TPLEX) comes to our mind. (For more information, questions, queries, comments, suggestions and updates email me at firstname.lastname@example.org)
Published in the Sun.Star Baguio newspaper on November 04, 2013.