Malaria still prevalent in Marilog, Paquibato-A A +A
Friday, October 4, 2013
DISEASE prevention and control program of Davao City needs to be intensified after malaria disease was found to be prevalent in endemic areas of Marilog and Paquibato districts, the City-wide Investment Plan for Health (CIPH) 2012-2016 of Davao City showed.
The CIPH, initiated by the City Health Office, found out that the number of malaria cases increased from 15 in 2009 to 328 in 2010, based on a case study conducted in the two districts in the city.
The CIPH, comprehensive situational health analysis of the city, showed that there were 5,400 Blood Smear for Malarial Parasites (BSMP) case findings done in Marilog and Paquibato districts in 2010, in which 328 cases were reported to be positive for malaria.
Because of this, the city, through the CIPH, aims to reduce annual incidence rate of malaria from 9.08/100,000 population to 2.6/100,000 population by 2016.
Further, the report also showed that filariasis, schistosomiasis, rabies, leprosy, and dengue are "also programs that need to be addressed and are carefully considered in the plan, as these diseases are not yet eliminated."
The five diseases are classified under "diseases free zone initiatives."
The CIPH showed that mass drug treatment with diethylcaarbamazine and albendazole has been conducted in the city to eliminate filariasis as public health hazard since 2007.
However, due to limited supply of filarial drugs, the city conducted mass treatment for only nine districts.
Baguio, Calinan, and Tugbok districts are said to be the endemic areas identified for schistosomiasis in the city.
Mass drug administration (MDA) for schistosomiasis in Davao City started in 2009 in these areas.
“The MDA conducted showed a 97 percent coverage in 2009 but it decreased to 89 percent in 2010. In 2008, the reported infection rate was 0.35 percent. The rate was lower as compared to the infection rate of 0.83 percent in 2009, owing to the active case findings conducted. In 2010 however, the rate decreased to 0.4 percent, which is considered eliminated because the rate is less than 1 percent,” the report read.
The same report showed that among the animal bite cases, dog bite has the most number since 2006 to 2010, followed by cat bite in the city.
Cases of rat bite, monkey bite, pig bite, guinea pig bite, monitor lizard bite, and hamster bite were also reported.
"In 2010, out of the 5,671 dog bite victims, 5,441 or 96 percent were given post-exposure treatment. The districts of Talomo North (921), Talomo South (802), and Buhangin (667) registered the highest incidence of dog bite cases," the report showed.
It added: "As to deaths due to human rabies the highest case recorded was in 2007 & 2009 with seven and six respectively. In 2010, the cases dropped to three deaths. These patients however did not seek consultation with the Animal Bite Center for post-exposure treatment. Immediate members of the patients who died of rabies were advised to seek consultation immediately after the bite & for health education."
"Reports showed that the city's 2009 Leprosy Prevalence Rate of 0.47 percent decreased to 0.32 percent in 2010. The conduct of active case finding was not intensified and contact tracing was also inadequate. On the part of the clients, the health seeking behavior may have been affected by the stigma attached to the disease," the CIPH stated
The year 2010 recorded a significant increase in dengue fever cases with 7,420 or an increase of 139.9 percent from 3,092 recorded in 2009.
"An increasing trend in dengue cases and deaths has also been noted. These data are higher than the national target. This calls for collective efforts to address the present scenario which poses threat to every family member," the report read.
Published in the Sun.Star Davao newspaper on October 04, 2013.