Pneumonia still top baby killer-A A +A
Sunday, October 6, 2013
PNEUMONIA remains on the top spot of the leading cause of death of infants and children under five years old in Davao City, according to a city-wide report.
The City-wide Investment Plan for Health (CIPH) 2012-2016 of Davao City, which covers a comprehensive health situational analysis, showed that pneumonia is the number one killer among children (infant and under five) in the metropolis in 2010.
Other top leading causes of infant deaths recorded were disorder originating in the perinatal period (the period a few months before and one month after birth), infection specific in the perinatal period, respiratory and cardiovascular disorder originating in perinatal period, congenital malformation, dengue, and septicemia.
The report said that from 2007 to 2010, an “erratic trend” was observed in infant mortality rate (IMR), while an increasing trend was noted among under-five mortality rate.
On IMR, the CIPH stated: “A slight increase was recorded over the period 2007-2008. However, from 2009 to 2010, a significant increase was noted from 11.64 to 15.5/1000 live births. This is higher than the national target of 12/1000 live births by 2015.”
“It can be noted that the same were also its causes for the past five years. This emphasizes the need to improve provision of quality prenatal care to all our pregnant women in the city,” the report added.
On children under five, the report said that the increase in mortality rate was noted from 26.9/1000 live births in 2006 to 37.8/1000 live births in 2010.
“Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) therefore, as a strategy, should be strengthened as this will help address the health condition of our under 5 children,” the CIPH said.
The CIPH also revealed that infectious disease topped the list in 2010 and was the past five-year average top ten leading cause of morbidity among infants. Malnutrition placed 10th.
“This emphasizes the need to intensify health promotion, information and education at all levels since these illnesses are preventable,” the report said.
Meanwhile, the leading causes of Under 5 Morbidity in 2010 were acute respiratory infections, pneumonia and acute respiratory infections.
“This likewise reflects gaps in health promotion and advocacy component of service delivery to delayed consultation and referral,” CIPH said.
It added: “The implementation of IMCI, a strategy that improves the case management skills of the health workers and community practices on child care could not be ascertained due to lack of technical supervision and monitoring. Essential drugs for IMCI were not accessible to many and referral system needs to be strengthened.”
Seeing its gaps, the Davao City Government aims to reduce infant mortality rate from 15.5/1000 live births in 2010 to 12/1000 live births in 2016, and reduce Under 5 Mortality from 37.8/10,000 under 5 pop in 2010 to 32/10,000 under 5 pop in 2016.
Published in the Sun.Star Davao newspaper on October 07, 2013.