More teens get pregnant-A A +A
Friday, October 11, 2013
TEENAGE pregnancy in Davao City is increasing, according to the City-wide Investment Plan for Health (CIPH) 2012-2016, which covers the city’s comprehensive health situational analysis.
The report stated that teenage pregnancy recorded about 12 percent in 2007, 12.2 percent in 2008, 12.4 in 2009, and to 13.4 percent in 2010.
Teenage pregnancy, in fact, is listed as one of the social determinants for health under human and social development of Davao City.
“Social determinants for health is defined as those critical characteristics of societies and communities in which people live that have an impact on their health (e.g. level of education, water and sanitation, housing employment food production, etc.),” the report read.
It added: “In urban health, the living conditions of people define the set of social determinants important to their health.”
“Davao City as one of the pilot cities in the implementation of Urban Health Equity & Response Tool (Heart) has been appreciative of this endeavor of the DOH because through this tool, we were able to understand health equity and how to identify health equity concerns with the use of matrices and monitors of the different health indicators and social determinants,” the CIPH read, adding that barangay officials are being guided on what actions and interventions to make based on the identified equity concerns.
The city aims to utilize Urban Heart not only in six barangays of the city, but in all villages.
“We will be expanding its implementation citywide,” the CIPH read.
The data manifested physical environment (households served by City Solid Waste Management and incidence of road traffic injuries), human and social development (elementary completion rate and teenage pregnancy), economics (employment and housing ownership), and governance (social participation rate, voters participation rate, and index Crime Rate) as four domain indicators of the social determinants of health in the city during the four-year period (2007-2010).
“It can be observed that most of the indicators cited have not improved. For instance, if we try to look at the incidence of road traffic injuries, employment, teenage pregnancy and households served by city solid waste management as compared to the national targets, we are still below the national standards, though there are indicators that have already achieved the national targets,” it said.
Physical environment indicators
Households served by City Solid Waste Management recorded 64 percent (2007), 64 percent (2008), 85 percent (2009), and 85 percent (2010).
Incidence of road traffic injuries recorded 6.28 percent, 5.44, 8.63, and 11.53 percent in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively.
Human and social development
The Elementary Completion Rate of Davao City in 2007 was 62.77 percent, increased by 63.38 percent in 2008, went down by 54.59 percent in 2009, and up by 63.81 percent in 2010.
Employment rate in 2007 was 95.1 percent, 95.7 percent in 2008, 93.8 percent in 2009, and 93.9 in 2010.
Housing ownership recorded 62.88 in 2007. No further data available for 2008, 2009, and 2010 on housing ownership.
The city’s social participation rate in 2010 was 13.35 percent, while the voters’ participation rate in 2007 was 54 percent and 60 percent in 2009.
The index crime rate, meanwhile, recorded 63.21 percent in 2007, 77.17 percent in 2008, 37.33 percent in 2009, and 43.31 percent in 2010. (ANC)
Published in the Sun.Star Davao newspaper on October 12, 2013.