The Lesson Plan

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Tuesday, December 21, 2010


A LESSON plan is considered to be the bible of the teacher; it is an indispensable tool which the teacher cannot ignore.

If an engineer has a plan before constructing a bridge or a building, a teacher must have a lesson plan for his day-to-day lessons inside the classroom.

Nothing is closely identified with the life of a teacher than the lesson plan.

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The quality of teaching and learning will largely depend upon how much attention a teacher gives to his daily lesson plan.

Long before you enter the classroom, you will find yourself mentally rehearsing what is likely to happen inside the classroom. You set your objectives and you will assess how well you can achieve your objectives through careful selection of the subject matter, instructional strategies and the resources available to you.

The lesson plan is designed to save time. It will train you to organize your activities and systematize your presentation of the lesson. Without a lesson plan, a teacher will likely find her class side-tracked to many irrelevant activities.

The class activities will have no direction and soon you will find yourself "groping in the dark". It is therefore very necessary for a teacher to polish or master the preparation of the daily lesson plan.

While it is true that lesson plan is indispensable to teaching, the real test of your teaching, however, is ultimately how well you present the lesson as envisioned in your lesson plan. Needless to say, the presentation of the lesson plan could turn to be ineffective in spite of a good lesson.

The school the principal's main role is the supervision of instruction. This is being done through observation of classes. The main basis of the principal in the supervision of instruction is the lesson plan of the teacher. The principal usually gives a careful observation of the lesson plan, together with the actual presentation of the lesson. The strengths and weaknesses of the teacher on the lesson plan and how it was delivered and presented are noted on the observation note.

After the observation, a post conference will be called. At this point the strong and the weak points are discussed. The teacher is advised to strengthen further the strong points and make necessary adjustments to remedy the weak areas of the teacher, for further improvement.

The teacher usually prepares a semi-detailed lesson plan with at least three main objectives based on knowledge, skills and attitude or the three learning domains --cognitive, psychomotor, and affective.

The lesson plan consists of five parts: a) objectives b) subject matter c) procedures d) evaluation and e) assignment.

The lesson's objectives are expressed in behavioral terms. They are specific and capable of being achieved within the allotted time.

The acronym SMART is the keyword in so far as lesson planning is concerned -- Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Result-oriented, and Time-bounded.

Generally, the teacher should follow what has been planned so the objectives will be successfully realized. But if the needs arise, or if a particular value or mode is to be clarified and taught for the benefit of the students, then that is the time you can deviate from your lesson plan.

Lesson planning is a must for the entire education system as one goes into the battlefield. It will serve as the compass which will assure proper direction. It is the very tool which a teacher will use to mold the future generation. Furthermore, the plan will serve as the guide so that a teacher won't go astray in so far as his lesson objectives are concerned.

Sharie L. Miguel
Teacher III
English Department
San Vicente National High School
Lubao, Pampanga

Published in the Sun.Star Pampanga newspaper on December 22, 2010.

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