7 eye diseases to watch out for in adults

THERE are eye diseases that come with age. And there are also those that progress fast because of one’s lifestyle. However, both of these kinds of eye diseases become apparent as we age. Let’s get to know the seven eye diseases common in adults.

1. Cataract

A very common eye disease among 50 year olds and above. Cataracts need to be removed through surgery when they are in Grade 4 to 5 level. However, for those who have Grade 1-3 cataract, surgery may be opt but it is not needed. One needs only to manage this so as to prevent or stop its progression. Wearing of protective eye gear against sun’s ultra violet (UV) rays is a way to prevent having cataracts or its progression. The best protective eye gear is the transitions lens as it blocks 100 percent of UV rays from entering into our eyes. However, if budget is tight, one may opt for an ordinary lens with high UV protection.

2. Diabetic Retinopathy

Since a lot of older people are afflicted with diabetes compared to younger ones, this is why this eye disease is considered to be for “old people”. But it does not mean young ones is unlikely to acquire this.

Diabetic retinopathy may result to exudates, pale retina, hemorrhage inside the eye or eyes, neovascularization or the formation of minute blood vessels which may even result to more hemorrhage inside the eyes.

Diabetic Retinopathy can be prevented through proper management of the root cause of the eye disease which is the diabetes and at the same time close monitoring with your eye doctor who does not only check the eye grade but also the inside of the eyes.

3. Hypertensive Retinopathy

Same as diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy is also classified as eye disease of the old because more adult suffer from hypertension compared to younger ones. Hypertensive retinopathy also causes hemmorhage inside the eyes, cotton wool spots which result to floater-like objects in your vision, just like in diabetic retinopathy.

Effects of this eye disease may be prevented through management of the disease and close monitoring of the patient through conducting dilated eye examinations. Dilated eye examinations will enable the eye doctors to check the inside of the eyes so that early sign of the effects of this eye disease will be prevented.

4. Macular degeneration

This eye disease is very common in adult. There can be two kinds of this disease: the wet macular degeneration and the dry macular degeneration. The problem here lies in the macula, the central part of the retina, which is responsible for clear and central vision. People with this eye disease have problem seeing things in the front. They can only see things in the periphery of their vision.

This eye disease can also happen to those people who are more exposed to UV and blue light (light emitted by computers or gadgets). That is why people are advised to wear eye protective gears to prevent these lights from directly entering into the macula, especially those who have undergone cataract removal surgeries since UV light can directly pass through the eye and damage the macula once the natural lens of the eye has been removed.

5. Retinal detachment

Also a common eye disease in adult, especially those who are highly myopic. People who have high myopia are up to sixteen times more likely to have retinal detachment than their counterpart who are not highly myopic. This eye disease causes sudden blindness because the retina simply just detaches itself from the layer of blood vessels that provides it with oxygen and nutrients. Management of this eye disease is through preventing or controlling one’s myopia through extensive eye checkup and providing therapy glasses or ortho-k lenses.

6. Glaucoma

This eye disease can be secondary and caused by diabetes and or hypertension or it can be primary glaucoma, meaning no underlying causes found. In this eye disease, which is also common among adults, the optic nerve of the patient is damaged caused by high intraocular pressure and or unequal proportion of production of eye water or aqueous inside the eye to the amount of eye water being drained out. Primary glaucoma is also common in highly myopic adult. Comprehensive eye checkup is necessary to prevent or control glaucoma and its adverse effects.

7. Presbyopia.

It is not an eye disease but rather an eye condition that affects people 40 years old and above. Common symptom is having difficulty reading or seeing things at close distance. Writers, painters, accountants, managers, and people who are doing close-work activities immediately notice having this eye condition compared to those whose daily activities do not need to look at a very close distance, such as drivers, lifeguards, traffic enforcers, and the like. But it does not mean they don’t have this condition. They only notice they have presbyopia once they read or do a close-work activity.

Because Presbyopia is part of ageing, which means it cannot be prevented nor reversed, the only remedy for this condition is eyeglasses. Eyeglasses can either be bifocal (doble vista), reading glasses or progressive lens.

Reading glasses are purely for reading purposes and they are only for short-term use because these hasten the eye grade progression when used in longer period.

Bifocal or doble vista, however, is better as it helps the person with Presbyopia to see clearly things both at close and at far distance. But the downside is that bifocal glasses are difficult when you are doing computer works as these have a line in the middle which may distract your vision.

Progressive lenses, meanwhile, work like bifocal glasses sans the line. So you can do computer works without the distraction.

Global Eyecare Center provides comprehensive eye checkup, including dilated eye examinations, not just checking the eye grade of the patients, to prevent or control the damage to the eyes certain causes may bring. The center is manned by specialists and experts in eye care. Protective eye gears, such as ordinary UV protector eye glasses and transitions lenses; bifocal glasses and progressive lenses are also available at Global Eyecare Center. They also offer orthokeratology procedure for as low as P60,000 without having the need to go to Manila or Cebu as they are just located in Abreeza at 2nd floor Expansion Wing. They can be reached through contact numbers 0929-2279908 (Smart), 0995-4632319 (Globe), and (082) 225-9538 (landline).


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