EXPLAINER: UP May 20 study urges 'continued' restrictions. Would Cebu City stay at MECQ after May 31?

Facade of UP Diliman and Cebu City Hall. (Photos from UP website and SunStar Archive)

THE SITUATION. A University of the Philippines panel, in its latest Covid-19 forecast (#17, dated May 20 and posted May 22), recommends that the national government "continue significant restrictions" in the National Capital Region and Cebu City.

Cebu City, along with Mandaue City and Talisay City, are under MECQ or modified enhanced community quarantine until May 31.

As to those under general quarantine or GCQ -- such as Cebu Province and Lapu-Lapu City -- and even those not under quarantine, the UP forecast says "vigilance is still needed" to ensure that new Covid-19 cases are "immediately detected and new outbreaks prevented."

The UP panel -- composed of Guido David, Ph.D., and Ranjit Singh Rye, MPA, and a research associate, with five other academicians who contributed to the study -- is just one of several think groups that help the Inter-Agency Task Force on Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (AIATF-MEID) craft policy to contain and beat the coronavirus.

The UP group's handprint though shows in previous extensions of the life of community quarantines, especially in the high risk areas of NCR, Laguna and Cebu City. In its April 22 and May 22 forecasts (a total of seven reports so far), the UP panel warned of "premature relaxation" of the ECQ, which it said, could lead to a spike in the number of new Covid-19 cases.

Spread not yet stopped

The UP experts say in its May 20 report:

[1] Implementation of the ECQ has been "critical" in reducing transmission and deaths due to Covid-19 in the country;

[2] The rate of transmission for the entire Philippines has been decreasing. (The reproduction number R, which measures the rate of spread "has been decreasing since April 1.") In some provinces around the country, the spread of Covid-19 is "either controlled or in a decelerating trend." But transmission of the virus in the entire country is "not yet controlled."

[3] That, despite "limited testing and contact tracing." Does not mean, however that "the positive trend is irreversible."

[4] For Metro Manila and Cebu City, the number of new cases is "still very high" and the rate of transmission also "remains high." Thus, their recommendation to go on with the "significant restrictions: in NCR and Cebu City and "expand the same as necessary to other high-risk areas."

'Closely monitor' Cebu City

Using data of May 16, the study projects the trend for 30 days. Cebu City (with Zamboanga City), the study says, needs to be "monitored closely" and measures "should be put in place to prevent the spread of the pandemic." Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue also "need to be monitored closely for possible outbreaks in the next few weeks."

Cebu Province (excluding Cebu City, Mandaue City and, yes, Lapu-Lapu City) in the P assessment remains at low risk. Lapu-City and Mandaue City are at medium risk. And Cebu City is at high risk.

Mass testing results

One wonders how the results of the mass testing in the three cities will change the risk assessment and their quarantine ranking in the weeks after May 31.

The UP panel used the "calculated values" of R and the number of new cases daily per million of population to determine the level of risk in each LGU.

That means Cebu City, a high risk, has R>1 and the number of new cases per day is more than 1 per million of people. And Mandaue and Lapu-Lapu, both rank medium risk, has R<1 and the new cases number per day is more than 1 per million. Cebu Province, deemed low risk, must have less than one new case per one million population.

Resurgence not an "if"

Along with its call for "continued vigilance," the UP report cites the "likelihood of a resurgence." It seems to be, it says, "not a question of 'if' but 'where and how bad.'" "The virus is still with us and we have not yet developed a herd immunity to sustain the gains from the last ECQ."

The panel's formula for decelerating the emergency: government:

[1] Must "ensure that health systems are capable of detecting, testing, isolating and treating" every case of Covid-19 as well as isolating and treating ever contact."

[2] Must enforce the rules on physical distancing and other health safeguards, especially in establishments that operate under MECQ.

IATF, LGU call

And, again, the UP panel's warning, "the gains" achieved by the "collective sacrifice" of the enhanced quarantine "should not be squandered by prematurely lifting or not strictly enforcing restrictions."

Whether the UP group's recommendation will lead to a longer MECQ in Cebu City, Mandaue City and Talisay may depend on how policy-makers will balance the need to save lives against the need to revive the economy and save people's livelihood.

It's the IATF's and President Duterte's call, with some prodding from local government leaders.


SunStar website welcomes friendly debate, but comments posted on this site do not necessarily reflect the views of the SunStar management and its affiliates. SunStar reserves the right to delete, reproduce or modify comments posted here without notice. Posts that are inappropriate will automatically be deleted.

Forum rules:

Do not use obscenity. Some words have been banned. Stick to the topic. Do not veer away from the discussion. Be coherent. Do not shout or use CAPITAL LETTERS!