UNWTO: Int’l tourist arrivals down 65% in first half

BATTERED. The photo shows one of Cebu City’s popular tourist spots, the Magellan’s Cross, that is frequented by foreign tourists. The Covid-19 pandemic has halted all travel movements globally. The 65 percent drop in international tourists in the first half has translated into a loss of 440 million international arrivals and about US$ 460 billion in export revenues from international tourism. (SunStar file)

INTERNATIONAL tourist arrivals have plunged 93 percent in June this year versus the same month in 2019, data from the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) showed, noting the severe impact Covid-19 has had on the sector.

According to the new issue of the World Tourism Barometer from the United Nations specialized agency, international tourist arrivals dropped by 65 percent during the first half of the year. This represents an unprecedented decrease, as countries around the world closed their borders and introduced travel restrictions in response to the pandemic.

According to the UNWTO, the massive drop in international travel demand from January to June 2020 translates into a loss of 440 million international arrivals and about US$ 460 billion in export revenues from international tourism. This is around five times the loss in international tourism receipts recorded in 2009 amid the global economic and financial crisis.

“The latest World Tourism Barometer shows the deep impact this pandemic is having on tourism, a sector upon which millions of people depend for their livelihoods. However, safe and responsible international travel is now possible in many parts of the world, and it is imperative that governments work closely with the private sector to get global tourism moving again. Coordinated action is key,” said UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili.

Over recent weeks, the UNWTO said a growing number of destinations have started to open up again to international tourists. As early as September, 53 percent of destinations had eased travel restrictions.

“Nevertheless, many governments remain cautious, and this latest report shows that the lockdowns introduced during the first half of the year have had a massive impact on international tourism. The sharp and sudden fall in arrivals has placed millions of jobs and businesses at risk,” the agency said.

Hardest hit

Despite the gradual reopening of many destinations since the second half of May, the anticipated improvement in international tourism numbers during the peak summer season in the Northern Hemisphere did not materialize.

Europe was the second-hardest hit of all global regions, with a 66 percent decline in tourist arrivals in the first half of 2020. The Americas (-55 percent), Africa and the Middle East (both -57 percent) also suffered. However, Asia and the Pacific, the first region to feel the impact of Covid-19 on tourism, was the hardest hit, with a 72 percent fall in tourists for the six-month period.

At the sub-regional level, North-East Asia (-83 percent) and Southern Mediterranean Europe (-72 percent) suffered the largest declines. All world regions and sub-regions recorded declines of more than 50 percent in arrivals in the first half of 2020.

The contraction of international demand is also reflected in double-digit declines in international tourism expenditure among large markets. Major outbound markets such as the United States and China continue to be at a standstill, though some markets such as France and Germany have shown some improvement in June.


Looking ahead, the UNWTO said reduced travel demand and consumer confidence will continue to impact results for the rest of the year.

In May, the UNWTO outlined three possible scenarios, pointing to declines of 58 percent to 78 percent in international tourist arrivals in 2020. Current trends through August point to a drop in demand closer to 70 percent, especially now as some destinations re-introduce restrictions on travel.

The extension of the scenarios to 2021 point to a change in trend next year, based on the assumptions of a gradual and linear lifting of travel restrictions, the availability of a vaccine or treatment and a return of traveler confidence.

“Nonetheless, despite this, the return to 2019 levels in terms of tourist arrivals would take between two to four years, the UNWTO said. (PR)


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