THE National Nutrition Council (NNC) 7 highlighted the importance of carrying out interventions in the First 1,000 Days of a child’s life “to cut the problem of malnutrition at its root.”

In a statement, NNC 7 said that efforts done during the First 1,000 Days are “strategic” instead of fighting malnutrition “with conventional Band-Aid activities mostly targeting children who are already malnourished and often these interventions come too late.”

The First 1,000 Days of a child’s life start from the mother’s conception until the child reaches his or her second birthday. It comprises 270 days of pregnancy, 365 days of the baby’s first year, and another 365 days of his or her second year.

This period is considered as the “golden window of opportunity” for the child to achieve his or her full potential in the different aspects of development.


“In the past, interventions against malnutrition were broad and generic. Then we did research, looked up studies, and observed how other countries are effectively fighting malnutrition, and they are carrying out interventions in the First 1,000 Days,” said Dr. Parolita A. Mission, NNC 7 regional nutrition program coordinator.

The First 1,000 Days is one of the strategic thrusts of the Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition (PPAN) 2017-2022, which she said is consistent with the recommendations from the Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition in 2008.

READ: 267 sacks of iron-fortified rice for 1,600 pregnant women arrive in Cebu City

On Nov. 29, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed into law the “Kalusugan at Nutrition ng Mag-Nanay Act” (Republic Act 11148), which is also known as The First 1,000 Days Law.

The law mandates the provision of “comprehensive, sustainable, multisectoral strategies and approaches” to address health and nutrition problems of newborns, infants and young children, pregnant and lactating women, and adolescent females and “evidence-based nutrition interventions and actions” during the First 1,000 Days based on recommendations by the United Nations Children's Fund and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Some interventions WHO recommended include:

• iron-folic acid supplementation

• multiple micronutrient supplementation

• calcium supplementation

• iodization of salt

• maternal dietary supplementation focused on adequate energy and protein

• delayed cord clamping

• neonatal vitamin K administration

• vitamin A supplementation

• kangaroo mother care for preterm infants and those who are small for gestational age

• promotion of breastfeeding for the health and well-being of women and children

Nutrition Month

The First 1,000 Days as a measure against malnutrition is the focus of the annual Nutrition Month campaign in July 2021.

The activities lined up for the 47th monthlong celebration with the theme, “Malnutrisyon patuloy na labanan, First 1000 Days tutukan!” were presented to the media in a virtual press conference on Friday, June 18, 2021.

“The theme calls for continued efforts to address malnutrition in the country, which is expected to worsen because of the pandemic and limited resources for nutrition. The theme also asks all sectors to focus efforts on the First 1,000 Days of life as the strategic intervention to prevent stunting,” said NNC 7.

READ: CV shows downward trend in malnutrition in 2020

Stunting (low height for their age) is one of the forms of malnutrition, along with wasting, underweight, and overweight. NNC 7 considered it as the nutritional challenge in Central Visayas.

While there was a downward trend in malnutrition prevalence in the region in 2020, the agency recorded at least 60,819 children with ages zero to 59 months old who are stunted in the same period.

NNC 7 attributed the downward trend to the growing awareness of the importance of the First 1,000 Days. (NRC)