THE Cebu Citizens-Press Council (CCPC) Tuesday (March 6) released its definition of "fake news" or "false news."
In five paragraphs, the definition tells what "fake news" is, what it is not, when standards of journalism are violated, and scope of content.
Amid confusing use of the phrase, CCPC believes defining "fake news" and laying down journalism norms will help conversation and debate on the controversial subject.
Pachico A. Seares, CCPC executive director, said the definition sees "fake news" from the viewpoint of media and the public it serves. "The legal definition is for lawmakers to make," Seares said, referring to two pending bills in the Senate and the House that seek to penalize "fake news."
Started last December 12, 2017 at the MBF Cebu Press Center, consultations were held by CCPC with representatives of Cebu Media Legal Aid (Cemla), Cebu Association of Communication Educators (Cace), and the mass-com students group Cebu Federation of Journalism and Communication Students.
The panel's initial statement defining "fake news" and its standards eventually evolved into the version adopted and now publicly released, after more vetting by journalists, lawyers and civic leaders.
Cherry Ann Lim, CCPC deputy director, said the council's statement on "fake news" is not final. It may still be reviewed and revised as
conditions change. Journalism instructor-newspaper columnist Jason Baguia, a member of the panel, said it is a "working definition."
What 'fake news' is. What it is not.
(Cebu Citizens-Press Council [CCPC] definition)
"Fake news" or "false news" is fabricated content presented as factual information in the guise of news.