(UPDATED) -- Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Jesus Dureza clarified Wednesday morning that martial law is not in effect in relation to President Rodrigo Duterte's declaration of state of lawlessness earlier dawn.
Dureza said "state of lawlessness merely calls out the military or the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to do law enforcement operations normally done by the Philippine National Police (PNP)."
He said the President has not suspended the writ of habeas corpus or martial law.
"State of lawlessness under the constitutional provision is separate and apart from the powers to declare martial law or suspend habeas corpus," Dureza said.
The declaration, he added, was issued primarily "to suppress lawless violence.
"It is to complement and supplement the capability of the PNP," the presidential peace adviser said.
Presidential Spokesperson Ernesto Abella has also issued a clarification that the declaration is rooted in Article VII, Section 18 of the Constitution, which reads: "Section 18. The President shall be the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces of the Philippines and whenever it becomes necessary, he may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion."
He said it merely called out the military to "suppress the lawless violence," which is different from "invasion or rebellion."
"Only if there is invasion or rebellion, and when public safety requires it, can he suspend the writ of habeas corpus or declare martial law," Abella added.